Skin Cancer is by far the most common cancer in the world, accounting for 75% of all cancer diagnoses. The incidence of skin cancer is rising, even though most cases could be prevented by limiting the skin's exposure to ultraviolet radiation. Most cases of skin cancer are cured, but the disease is a major health concern because it affects so many people.
Men are 3 times more likely to get skin cancer over women. Many people diagnosed with skin cancer are between ages 45 and 54, although there has been an increase in the different types of skin cancer in younger people. Genetics, Geography, and Race are all factors that increase your chance of contracting the
Early detection and treatment of skin cancer is the only way to a cure. Since skin cancer is always at th top layers of your skin, it is the only type of cancer that is almost always detectable in its early, and therefore more likely to be cured.
Types of Skin Cancer
Skin cancers fall into two major categories: melanoma and nonmelanomaMelanoma
can start in heavily pigmented tissue, such as a mole or birthmark, as well as in normally pigmented skin. It commonly appears first on extremities, chest, or back, although it can occasionally arise on the palm of the hand; on the sole of the foot; under a fingernail or toenail; in the mucus linings of the mouth, vagina, or anus; and even in the eye. Melanoma is a potentially aggressive, life-threatening cancer. It is usually curable if it is treated early, it progresses faster than other types of skin cancer and can spread beyond the skin to affect numerous parts of the body, including the bones or brain. Once this occurs, melanoma becomes very difficult to treat and is incurable.Nonmelanomas
and are rarely life-threatening these include basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. They progress slowly, seldom spread beyond the skin, are detected easily, and usually are curable. In addition to the two listed above, there are a few rare nonmelanomas, such as Kaposi's sarcoma, a potentially life-threatening disease characterized by purple growths and associated with a suppressed immune system and almost always seen in patients with AIDS or the elderly.